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2018 Vol.5, Issue 4 Preview Page
December 2018. pp. 210-218
Abstract

본 연구에서는 침수된 계단 흐름의 변화에 따른 인명의 대피 안전성을 분석하기 위하여 실규모의 계단 수로 모형을 제작하여 수리 실험을 수행하였다. 실험에서는 계단 각각의 단에서의 수심과 유속을 측정하였으며 이를 이용하여 단위 폭당 비력을 산출하였다. 그리고 산출된 단위 폭당 비력 값을 이용하여 침수된 계단 흐름의 변화에 따른 구간별 대피 안전성을 제시하였다. 실험을 통해 측정된 수심 값과 Ishigaki의 단위 폭당 비력에 따른 대피 안전성 그래프를 결합하여 분석한 결과 계단 흐름 수심 0.20 m 이상에서는 도움 없이 성인 남성의 대피가 어려운 것이 확인되었으며, 수심 0.15 m 이상에서는 성인 여성과 노인 남성이 도움 없이 대피가 어려운 것으로 확인되었다. 노인 여성의 경우 수심 0.13 m 이상에서 도움 없이 대피가 어려운 것으로 나타났다.

In this study, a real-scale stairway model was constructed to analyze the evacuation safety of human life due to the change of flooded stair flow. In the experiment, the water depth and flow velocity at each stage of the stairs were measured and the specific force per unit width was calculated. Using the calculated the specific force per unit width, the evacuation safety of each steps of stairs according to the change of the flooded stair flow was presented. Finally, the depth of water measured by the experiment and the evacuation safety graph of “Ishigaki“ by the specific force per unit width were combined to analyze the evacuation safety by depth. As a result, it has been found that evacuation of adult man is difficult without help at the flow depth of 0.20 m or more. And it has been found that evacuation of adult women and elderly men are difficult without help at the flow depth of 0.15 m or more. Finally, it has been found that evacuation of elderly women is difficult without help at depth of 0.13 m or more.

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Information
  • Publisher :Korean Society of Ecology and Infrastructure Engineering
  • Publisher(Ko) :응용생태공학회
  • Journal Title :Ecology and Resilient Infrastructure
  • Journal Title(Ko) :응용생태공학회 논문집
  • Volume : 5
  • No :4
  • Pages :210-218
  • Received Date :2018. 10. 16
  • Accepted Date : 2018. 12. 19